Permanently installed Mission Critical Standby Power (MCSP) systems are defined as critical when they are used to
provide power when your regular service is interrupted.
You, the system owner, must ensure that the critical life safety systems - essential goods,
key processes, and vital data - are protected and continue
to operate when normal power is returned.
The NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) categorizes backup power systems as follows:
- Article 700 Emergency Power Systems:
- "These systems are intended to automatically supply illumination, power, or both to designated areas and equipment in the event of failure of
the normal supply or in the event of accident to elements of a system intended to supply, distribute, and control power and illumination for sfety to
These systems are required to be energized in less than 10 seconds after normal power is lost. This type of emergency power supports life safety
systems such as egress and exit lighting.
- Article 701 Legally Required Standby Systems:
- "Circuits and equipment intended to supply, distribute, and control electricity to required facilities for illumination or power, or both, when
the normal electrical supply or systems is interrupted."
Supporting life safety systems, these include smoke evacuation fans, control of health hazards and fire pumps.
- Article 702 Optional Standby Systems:
- "Systems intended to supply power to public or private facilities or property where life safety does not depend on the performance of the
system. Optional standby systems are intended to supply on-site generated power to selected loads either manually or automatically."
Systems in this category include data centers.
- Article 708 Critical Operations Power Systems (COPS):
- "Power systems for facilities or portions of facilities that require continuous operation for the reasons of public safety, emergency management,
national security, or business continuity."
This article covers systems that are entirely permanently installed and include prime movers, those arranged for a connection to a premises wiring system
as a portable alternate power supply, and those required to support long-term requirements. Systems and equipment in this category are often refrigerators
and freezers required to preserve medications or food.
After your contractor has installed the equipment and makes sure it's running, commissioning can begin. Commissioning is the process of providing baseline tests that verify the operation sequences of electrical equipment and systems. It is the documented and orderly testing of all aspects of the equipment and systems to the owner's specifications.
Mission Critical Standby Power (MCSP) systems have many designs required to protect
your critical assets. The main components of any system
include the engine, engine fuel supply, the generator, automatic transfer switch (ATS), and UPS.
Mission Critical Standby Power (MCSP) commissioning starts with ensuring the installation is safe, and the equipment is installed as designed. It verifies
that all electrical safety equipment is in place, that circuit breaker and relay settings meet the specified values, and the integrity of the electrical
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